World Health Organization decided that healthy women don’t need to do medical check-ups in order to start taking birth control pills, because the ovaries’ normal production of hormones varies from one month to another so the tests will only show that everything is alright.
A recent study shows that most European women between 15 and 49 are using, or used, such pills. But how many of these women really know about the birth control pill? Do you have a basic knowledge about these pills? Read this article and you will find out what you didn’t know about birth control pills.
Birth control pills offer more than contraception. They shorten the number of menstruation days, prevent anemia, treat the pains during menstruation, prevent ovarian cysts, treat acne and seborrhea and prevent extra-uterine pregnancies.
The risk of complications is higher at women over 35. The risk factors that can lead to complications are: smoking, old age, overweight/ obesity, diabetes and hypertension. That’s why combined hormonal contraception is forbidden to women who are over 35. However, oral contraception can be safely used by women between 35 and 45 if they are healthy and they don’t smoke. But they must take smaller doses.
Be careful and avoid other drugs that interfere with oral contraception and diminish their effect. According to many researchers, there are three types of drugs that diminish considerably the efficiency of birth control pills: barbiturates, rifampicin and griseofulvin. Antibiotics with large use can be safely administered.
Oral contraception does not protect against STDs. Birth control pills protect you from an unwanted pregnancy but they don’t protect you not even a bit from sexual transmitted diseases. The condom is the only contraception method that protects against STDs so you should use condoms even if you are taking birth control pills.
Oral contraception may have a negative effect on the sexual desire. Many women suffer from a decrease of libido while they are under a birth control pill treatment and the studies made by the International Society for the Study of Women’s Sexual Health revealed a possible connection between these two.
There’s a higher risk of developing breast cancer. An epidemiological study made in 1996 revealed that women who are taking contraceptive pills have a higher risk of breast cancer. Another study made in 2003 by the National Institute of Cancer revealed that women who are taking these pills for more than five years in a row have a considerably higher risk of breast cancer than women who are taking these pills for two or three years. Nevertheless, studies in this matter are contradictory. For instance, the results of a study made in 2002 by Woman’s CARE (Women’s Contraceptive And Reproductive Experiences) show exactly the opposite, that birth control pills prevent breast cancer.
There’s a smaller risk of developing ovarian and endometrial cancer. In 1992, the researchers from the Harvard Medical University analyzed more than twenty studies and concluded that the longer the period of taking pills, the lower the risk of ovarian cancer.