Diabetes mellitus, often referred to as diabetes, is the result of insufficient insulin hormone and is characterized by high quantities of sugar in one’s blood.
Its most frequent symptoms are: frequent urination, excessive thirst, extreme hunger, unusual weight loss, increased fatigue, blurry vision.
At the moment, diabetes is considered a chronic disease and seeing that there is no cure that can guarantee complete recovery, physicians emphasize the importance of preventing and avoiding long term diabetes- related complications.
Millions of people worldwide suffer from this disease and researchers seek for alternative ways which may help people live without worrying about a lifetime of insulin and regular visits to the hospital.
The good news is that there seem to be new recommendations for patients diagnosed with pre-diabetes, a condition which is characterized by blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
People who usually need to be tested for pre-diabetes are the following : those over 45 years of age, those who are overweight, women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and those who belong to a risk ethnic group.
If you are diagnosed with this condition, it is extremely important to take life in your hands and fight against it so that it doesn’t get worse.
Research has also shown that if you take action to manage your blood glucose when you have pre-diabetes, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from ever developing.
The experts recommend that people with pre-diabetes reduce their weight by 5-10 percent and participate in some type of physical activity for 30 minutes daily. Moreover it is advisable to follow a healthy lifestyle by avoiding the use of alcohol, tobacco, and by keeping blood pressure and cholesterol level under control.
You should try a low fat diet with an adequate amount of dietary fiber and cut back on sodium.
In some cases, if leading a healthy lifestyle is not enough, physicians may also recommend medication.
Try to remember that being diagnosed with pre-diabetes, is not necessarily a must for developing type 2 diabetes and that this depends on the way you decide to treat it.
With healthy lifestyle changes , such as eating healthy foods, including physical activity in your daily routine and maintaining a healthy weight , you may be able to bring your blood sugar level back to normal.